Surah 28. The Story, The Narration
28:1. Ta. Sin. Mim. (The Story of Moses - T.S.M.)
28:2. These are Verses from the Book (Torah) that makes (things) clear.
28:3. We rehearse to thee some of the story of Moses and Pharaoh in Truth, for people who believe.
28:4. Truly Pharaoh elated himself in the land and broke up its people into sections, depressing a small group among them: their sons he slew, but he kept alive their females: for he was indeed a maker of mischief.
28:5. And We wished to be Gracious to those who were being depressed in the land, to make them leaders (in Faith) and make them heirs,
28:6. To establish a firm place for them in the land, and to show Pharaoh, Haman, and their hosts, at their hands, the very things against which they were taking precautions.
28:7. So We sent this inspiration to the mother of Moses: "Suckle (thy child), but when thou hast fears about him, cast him into the river, but fear not nor grieve: for We shall restore him to thee, and We shall make him one of Our Apostles."
28:8. Then the people of Pharaoh picked him up (from the river): (it was intended) that (Moses) should be to them an adversary and a cause of sorrow: for Pharaoh and Haman and (all) their hosts were men of sin.
28:9. The wife of Pharaoh said: "(Here is) joy to the eye, for me and for thee: slay him not. It may be that he will be of use to us, or we may adopt him as a son." And they perceived not (what they were doing)!
28:10. But there came to be a void in the heart of the mother of Moses: she was going almost to disclose his (case), had We not strengthened her heart (with faith), so that she might remain a (firm) believer.
28:11. And she said to the sister of (Moses), "Follow him". So she (the sister) watched him in the character of a stranger. And they knew not.
28:12. And We ordained that he refused suck at first, until (his sister came up and) said: "Shall I point out to you the people of a house that will nourish and bring him up for you and be sincerely attached to him?"...
28:13. Thus did We restore him to his mother, that her eye might be comforted, that she might not grieve, and that she might know that the Promise of the Almighty is true: but most of them do not understand.
28:14. When he reached full age, and was firmly established (in life), We bestowed on him Wisdom and Knowledge: for thus do We reward those who do good.
28:15. And he entered the city at a time when its people were not watching: and he found there two men fighting,- one of his own religion, and the other, of his foes. Now the man of his own religion appealed to him against his foe, and Moses struck him with his fist and made an end of him. He said: "This is a work of Evil (Satan): for he is an enemy that manifestly misleads!"
28:16. He prayed: "O my Lord! I have indeed wronged my soul! Do Thou then please forgive me!" So God forgave him: for He is the Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
28:17. He said: "O my Lord! For that Thou hast bestowed Thy Grace on me, never shall I be a help to those who sin!"
28:18. So he saw the morning in the city, looking about, in a state of fear, when behold, the man who had, the day before, sought his help called aloud for his help (again). Moses said to him: "Thou art truly, it is clear, a quarrelsome fellow!"
28:19. Then, when he decided to lay hold of the man who was an enemy to both of them, that man said: "O Moses! Is it thy intention to slay me as thou slewest a man yesterday? Thy intention is none other than to become a powerful violent man in the land, and not to be one who sets things right!"
28:20. And there came a man, running, from the furthest end of the city. He said: "O Moses! The Chiefs are taking counsel together about thee, to slay thee: so get thee away, for I do give thee sincere advice."
28:21. He therefore got away therefrom, looking about, in a state of fear. He prayed "O my Lord! Save me from people given to wrong-doing."
28:22. Then, when he turned his face towards (the land of) Midian, he said: "I do hope that my Lord will show me the Equal and Straight Way."
28:23. And when he arrived at the watering (place) in Midian, he found there a group of men watering (their flocks), and besides them he found two women who were keeping back (their flocks). He said: "What is the matter with you?" They said: "We cannot water (our flocks) until the shepherds take back (their flocks): and our father is a very old man."
28:24. So he watered (their flocks) for them; then he turned back to the shade, and said: "O my Lord! Truly am I in (desperate) need of any good that Thou dost send me!"
28:25. Afterwards one of the (damsels) came (back) to him, walking bashfully. She said: "My father invites thee that he may reward thee for having watered (our flocks) for us." So when he came to him and narrated the story, he said: "Fear thou not: (well) hast thou escaped from unjust people."
28:26. Said one of the (damsels): "O my (dear) father! Engage him on wages: truly the best of men for thee to employ is the (man) who is strong and trust-worthy"....
28:27. He said: "I intend to wed one of these my daughters to thee, on condition that thou serve me for eight years; but if thou complete ten years, it will be (grace) from thee. But I intend not to place thee under a difficulty: thou wilt find me, indeed, if "He Who has no name" wills, one of the righteous."
28:28. He said: "Be that (the agreement) between me and thee: whichever of the two terms I fulfill, let there be no ill-will to me. Be the Almighty a Witness to what we say."
28:29. Now when Moses had fulfilled the term, and was travelling with his family, he perceived a fire in the direction of the Mount (Horeb in Sinai). He said to his family: "Stay ye; I perceive a fire I hope to bring you from there some information, or a burning firebrand, that ye may warm yourselves."
28:30. But when he came to the (Fire), a voice was heard from the right bank of the valley, from a tree in hallowed ground (the burning bush): "O Moses! Verily I am the Almighty, the Lord of the Worlds....
28:31. "Now do thou throw thy rod!" But when he saw it moving (of its own accord) as if it had been a snake, he turned back in retreat, and retraced not his steps: O Moses!" (It was said), "Draw near, and fear not: for thou art of those who are secure.
28:32. "Move thy hand into thy bosom, and it will come forth white without stain (or harm), and draw thy hand close to thy side (to guard) against fear. Those are the two credentials from thy Lord to Pharaoh and his Chiefs: for truly they are a people rebellious and wicked."
28:33. He said: "O my Lord! I have slain a man among them, and I fear lest they slay me.
28:34. "And my brother Aaron - he is more eloquent in speech than I: so send him with me as a helper, to confirm (and strengthen) me: for I fear that they may accuse me of falsehood."
28:35. He said: "We will certainly strengthen thy arm through thy brother, and invest you both with Authority, so they shall not be able to touch you: with Our Signs shall ye triumph,- you two as well as those who follow you."
28:36. When Moses came to them with Our Clear Signs, they said: "This is nothing but sorcery faked up: never did we hear the like among our fathers of old!"
28:37. Moses said: "My Lord knows best who it is that comes with Guidance from Him and whose End will be best in the Hereafter: certain it is that the wrong-doers will not prosper."
28:38. Pharaoh said: "O Chiefs! No god do I know for you but myself: therefore, O Haman! Light me a (kiln to bake bricks) out of clay, and build me a lofty palace, that I may mount up to the god of Moses: but as far as I am concerned, I think (Moses) is a liar!"
28:39. And he was arrogant and insolent in the land, beyond reason,- he and his hosts: they thought that they would not have to return to Us!
28:40. So We seized him and his hosts, and We flung them into the sea: now behold what was the End of those who did wrong!
28:41. And We made them (only) leaders inviting to the Fire; and on the Day of Judgment no help shall they find.
28:42. In this world We made a Curse to follow them and on the Day of Judgment they will be among the loathed (and despised).
28:43. We did reveal to Moses the Book (Torah) after We had destroyed the earlier generations, (to give) Insight to men, and Guidance and Mercy, that they might accept warning.
28:44. Thou wast not on the Western side when We decreed the Commission to Moses, nor wast thou a witness (of those events).
28:45. But We raised up (new) generations, and long were the ages that passed over them; but thou wast not a dweller among the people of Midian, rehearsing Our Signs to them; but it is We Who send Apostles (with Inspiration).
28:46. Nor wast thou at the side of (Mount) Sinai when we called (to Moses). Yet (art thou sent) as Mercy from thy Lord, to give warning to a People to whom no Warner had come before thee: in order that they may receive warning.
28:47. If (We had) not (sent thee to the keepers of God's House),- in case a calamity should seize them for (the deeds) that their hands have sent forth, they might say: "Our Lord! Why didst Thou not send us an Apostle? We should then have followed Thy Signs and been amongst those who believe!"
28:48. But (now), when the Truth has come to them from Ourselves, they say, "Why are not (Signs) sent to him, like those which were sent to Moses?" Do they not then reject (the Signs) which were formerly sent to Moses? They say: "Two kinds of sorcery, each assisting the other!" And they say: "For us, we reject all (such things)!"
28:49. Say: "Then bring ye a Book from "I AM", which is a better Guide than either of them, that I may follow it! (Do), if ye are truthful!"
28:50. But if they hearken not to thee, know that they only follow their own lusts: and who is more astray than one who follows his own lusts, devoid of Guidance from "I AM"? For "I AM" guides not people given to wrong-doing.
28:51. Now have We caused the Word to reach them themselves, in order that they may receive warning.
28:52. Those to whom We sent the Book before this,- they do believe in this (revelation):
28:53. And when it is recited to them, they say: "We believe therein, for it is the Truth from our Lord: indeed we have been "True in Faith" (bowing to "I AM"'s Will) from before this.
28:54. Twice will they be given their reward, for that they have persevered, that they avert Evil with Good, and that they spend (in charity) out of what We have given them.
28:55. And when they hear vain talk, they turn away therefrom and say: "To us our deeds, and to you yours; peace be to you: we seek not the un-enlightened."
28:56. It is true thou wilt not be able to guide every one, whom thou lovest; but "I AM" guides those whom He will and He knows best those who receive Guidance.
28:57. They say: "If we were to follow the guidance with thee, we should be snatched away from our land." Have We not established for them a secure Sanctuary, to which are brought as tribute fruits of all kinds,- a provision from Ourselves? But most of them understand not.
28:58. And how many populations We destroyed, which rejoiced in their life (of ease and plenty)! Now those habitations of theirs, after them, are deserted,- all but a (miserable) few! And We are their heirs!
28:59. Nor was thy Lord the one to destroy a population until He had sent to its Centre an Apostle, rehearsing to them Our Signs; nor are We going to destroy a population except when its members practise inequity.
28:60. The (material) things which ye are given are only the conveniences of this life and the glitter thereof; but that which is with "I AM" is better and more enduring: will ye not then be Wise?
28:61. Are (these two) alike?- One to whom We have made a goodly promise, and who is going to reach its (fulfillment), and one to whom We have given the good things of this life, but who, on the Day of Judgment, is to be among those brought up (for punishment)?
28:62. That Day ("I AM") will call to them, and say: "Where are My 'partners'?- whom ye imagined (to be such)?"
28:63. Those against whom the charge will be proved, will say: "Our Lord! These are the ones whom we led astray: we led them astray, as we were astray ourselves: we free ourselves (from them) in Thy presence: it was not us they worshipped."
28:64. It will be said (to them): "Call upon your 'partners' (for help)": they will call upon them, but they will not listen to them; and they will see the Penalty (before them); (how they will wish) 'If only we had been open to Guidance!'
28:65. That Day ("I AM") will call to them, and say: "What was the answer ye gave to the Apostles?"
28:66. Then the (whole) story that Day will seem obscure to them (like light to the blind) and they will not be able (even) to question each other.
28:67. But any that (in this life) had repented, believed, and worked righteousness, will have hopes to be among those who achieve salvation.
28:68. Thy Lord does create and choose as He pleases: no choice have they (in the matter): Glory to "I AM"! And far is He above the partners they ascribe (to Him)!
28:69. And thy Lord knows all that their hearts conceal and all that they reveal.
28:70. And He is "I AM": there is no God but He. To Him be praise, at the first and at the last: for Him is the Command, and to Him shall ye (all) be brought back.
28:71. Say: See ye? If "I AM" were to make the Night perpetual over you to the Day of Judgment, what god is there other than "I AM", who can give you enlightenment? Will ye not then hearken?
28:72. Say: See ye? If "I AM" were to make the Day perpetual over you to the Day of Judgment, what god is there other than "I AM", who can give you a Night in which ye can rest? Will ye not then see?
28:73. It is out of His Mercy that He has made for you Night and Day,- that ye may rest therein, and that ye may seek of His Grace- and in order that ye may be grateful.
28:74. The Day that He will call on them, He will say: "Where are My 'partners'? whom ye imagined (to be such)?"
28:75. And from each people shall We draw a witness, and We shall say: "Produce your Proof": then shall they know that the Truth is in "I AM" (alone), and the (lies) which they invented will leave them in the lurch.
28:76. Korah was no doubt, of the people of Moses; but he acted insolently towards them: such were the treasures We had bestowed on him, that their very keys would have been a burden to a body of strong men. Behold, his people said to him: "Boast not, for "I AM" loveth not those who delight (in riches).
28:77. "But seek, with the (wealth) which "I AM" has bestowed on thee, the Home of the Hereafter, nor forget thy portion in this world: but do thou good, as "I AM" has been good to thee, and seek not (occasions for) mischief in the land: for "I AM" loves not those who do mischief."
28:78. He said: "This has been given to me because I am clever." Did he not know that "I AM" had destroyed, before him, (whole) generations,- which were superior to him in strength and greater in the amount (of riches) they had collected? But the wicked are not called (immediately) to account for their sins.
28:79. So he went forth among his people in the (pride of his wordly) glitter. Said those whose aim is the life of this world: "Oh! that we had the like of what Korah has got! For he is truly a lord of mighty good fortune!"
28:80. But those who had been granted (true) Knowledge said: "Alas for you! The reward of "I AM" (in the Hereafter) is best for those who believe and work righteousness: but this none shall attain, except those who steadfastly persevere (in good)."
28:81. Then We caused the earth to swallow up him and his house; and he had not (the least little) party to help him against "I AM", nor could he defend himself.
28:82. And those who had envied his position the day before began to say on the morrow: "Ah! It is indeed "I AM" Who enlarges the provision or restricts it, to any of His servants He pleases! Had it not been that "I AM" was gracious to us, He could have caused the earth to swallow us up! Ah! Those who reject "I AM" will assuredly never prosper."
28:83. That Home of the Hereafter We shall give to those who intend not high-handedness or mischief on Earth: and the End is (best) for the righteous.
28:84. If any does good, the reward to him is better than his deed; but if any does evil, the doers of evil are only punished (to the extent) of their deeds.
28:85. Verily He Who ordained the Koran for thee, will bring thee back to the Place of Return. Say: "My Lord knows best who it is that brings true Guidance, and who is in manifest error."
28:86. And thou hadst not expected that the Book would be sent to thee except as a Mercy from thy Lord: therefore lend not thou support in any way to those who reject ("I AM"'s Message).
28:87. And let nothing keep thee back from the Signs of "I AM" after they have been revealed to thee: and invite (men) to thy Lord, and be not of the company of those who join gods with "I AM".
28:88. And call not, besides "I AM", on another god. There is no God but He. Everything (that exists) will perish except His Own Face. To Him belongs the Command, and to Him will ye (all) be brought back.